Print ISSN: 2706-6207

Online ISSN: 2664-3154

Keywords : Acute diarrhea

Lactose Free-Milk for Young Children with Acute Diarrhea, Western of Iraq

Wisam Z. Al-Dulaimy .; Mohammed K. Al-Sabeea .; a, Muneam A. Ayyed .; Rafi Khaleel Al-Ani .

Al- Anbar Medical Journal, 2021, Volume 17, Issue 2, Pages 68-71
DOI: 10.33091/amj.2022.171073

Background: Secondary lactose intolerance occurs commonly from intestinal inflammationfollowing infection recommending avoidance of milk contains lactose.Objectives: To identify the role of lactose-free milk (LFM) in the treatment of acute diarrhea inchildren ≤ 2 years in Al-Ramadi Maternity and Childhood Teaching Hospital in Ramadi city, Iraq.Materials and methods: This A single-blind randomized controlled trial study was done onbabies ≤ two years old who presented with acute diarrhea. Two hundred cases were chosenrandomly, 100 of them were received LFM added to the regime of management of diarrhea (groupA), and the other 100 cases were received ordinary formula milk (OFM) (group B). Babies whowere breastfeeding, those with chronic or bloody diarrhea, and those who received antibiotics wereexcluded from this study. Data about age, gender, the response ( stopping diarrhea), and itsduration within 3 days were recorded.Results: The response of stopping diarrhea after 3 days among group A was 89%, while groupB was 67%. There was a highly statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P-value= 0.001). Out of 44 babies in the age group 0-6 months in group A, there were 42 (95.4%) whorespond to therapy, and it was the highest age group affected. There was a high statisticallysignificant difference (P-value = 0.003) between the rate of response and the age group in group A.However, there was no significant difference (P-value > 0.05) between the gender and the responserate. Moreover, there was no significant difference (P-value > 0.05) between the rate of responseand the age and gender of the babies in group B. There was a statistically significant difference(P-value < 0.05) between group A and B concerning the mean duration of response (55.06 hours ±11.304 in group A, and 63.58 hours ± 8.727 in group B).Conclusion: There were a high response rate and rapid response among young children with acutediarrhea after giving LFM in comparison with OFM.