UVEITIC GLAUCOMA PATIENTSThe Prevalence and Review of the Condition
Al- Anbar Medical Journal,
2011, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 78-86
AbstractBackground: uveitic glaucoma is one of the common and serious complications of intraocular inflammation. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of uveitic glaucoma and review its presentation , causes, mechanisms, and its visual effects. Patients and Methods: (76) patients with uveitis presented to Ramadi teaching hospital were included in this study ,there were only(14) who had developed secondary glaucoma : (9) males and (5) females.A full history and thorough ocular examination was done for each patient. Results: Results showed that the prevalence of uveitic glaucoma was (18.42%) of uveitic patients and it affected males more than females of young age group(21-40) years old. The most common presentation is unilateral (78.5%). The most common cause is Behcet's disease (53.7%) , then followed by idiopathic and Fuch's uveites (14.2%) ,and then by other less frequent causes. Pupillary block was found to be the most common mechanism (42.8%) and severe vision loss affected (50%) of the patients. Conclusion: Uveitic glaucoma is a common complication of uveitis. The most common causes of uveitic glaucoma is Behcet's disease and the main mechanism is by pupillary block . It appears that early diagnosis and early proper management of uveitis is an important factor for preventing it and reducing its complications.Key Words : Glaucoma ,Uveitis , Ocular disorders.
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